The bees that pollinate our food crops and pollinate us as well are being left behind, according to a new study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
The study was conducted by scientists from the University of Minnesota’s Institute for Food Technologists and the University at Buffalo and found that honeybees are a far better pollinator than bees that were genetically engineered to be aggressive.
Honeybees are the only major pollinator that are also capable of surviving the transition from wild to cultivated.
The researchers used a variety of honeybee populations from North America to Europe to see which species were more aggressive and the impact on the populations of other pollinators.
They found that wild honeybees were the most aggressive, with two-thirds of the populations showing signs of aggressive behavior.
In contrast, bees genetically engineered for aggressive behavior were less aggressive, although they were not the dominant ones.
The aggressive honeybees did not just appear to be in greater numbers, they were actually better at adapting to their new environment.
They were able to find a niche that suited their needs, making them more efficient pollinators, the researchers said.
The results were consistent across the species, suggesting that aggressive honeybee colonies are the ones that are actually able to adapt to the changes in their environment, the study found.
The scientists suggest that aggressive behavior could have a number of effects on pollinators as they adapt to an increasingly diverse landscape.
It is not clear why aggressive honey bees evolved in the first place.
The bee population can fluctuate over the course of their lifecycle, and it is not always clear why species are dominant or where they are located in the population.
For example, wild bees are much more likely to die off than are genetically engineered honeybees, the research said.
However, the findings suggest that there are some adaptive benefits to the honeybee.
The research also found that the honeybees that were more genetically engineered were able change their behavior in a way that is beneficial to their survival.
They became more aggressive when they were given access to an environment that had a higher relative abundance of honey, the authors said.
This is an example of how genetic engineering can have a positive impact on a species, the paper said.
Huge changeIn order to see if aggressive honey bee colonies are able to maintain their aggression, the scientists used a more advanced method known as “genome-wide SNP analysis.”
This technique, which involves sequencing all the DNA in a species to identify its unique genetic make-up, can identify changes in a population’s behavior that can lead to the evolution of a trait.
Researchers at the University College London found that when they used the SNP analysis to identify the differences between wild and engineered honeybee genomes, they found that there was a difference in how the two groups reacted to their environment.
For example, when they compared the wild honeybee to its engineered counterparts, the wild bee colonies tended to respond more aggressively to the environment.
When the scientists looked at how these two groups responded to the same environment, they saw that the engineered honey bees tended to be more aggressive, they said.
“We found that bees genetically modified for aggressive behaviors are less aggressive than the wild bees and are able do this in a much more efficient manner,” the researchers wrote.
This suggests that aggressive bees are more likely than wild bees to survive this transition from a wild to a cultivated environment, which could make them more effective pollinators and reduce stress on pollinator populations.
The paper will be presented on Tuesday, May 24 at the annual meeting of the American Chemical Society in Indianapolis.