There are new signs that the Australian bee population is declining in the wild, and that the honeybees are not getting enough protection.
The honeybee population is shrinking in Australia, but that trend is not confined to the country.
Beekeepers say they are losing control of their colonies.
Beekeeper Chris Dutton says he has lost control of about 30 percent of his bees in recent years.
He says the numbers are not declining.
The bee population was at around 400,000 to 500,000 by the mid-2000s, he says.
That number is now down to about 300,000.
Dutton is the director of the Honey Bee Conservation Foundation.
He has been keeping bees in his field in the Northern Territory for more than 20 years.
Dutton says honeybees eat up a lot of food and the number of queens is shrinking, so the numbers of hives are not growing.
“We’ve been trying to control the numbers and it’s very hard to control,” he says, “we’ve got to find some new ways to do it.”
The beekeepers who have been trying have been successful.
A survey of beekeepers in Queensland showed the number is rising.
The Beekeepers of Queensland survey found the percentage of hiv positive hives was up to 37 percent, up from 30 percent in 2010.
Diverse pollinators like the honeybee help pollinate crops, but the loss of these pollinators could also have a negative impact on the bee population.
The Australian Pollinator Institute says honeybee losses could be offset by a decrease in pests like mites, flies and nematodes.
The study says bees can become a threat to humans, too.
Beekeepers have a number of options for managing their hives.
They can build their own colonies and use chemical control products.
Or they can buy honey from a local market or buy from beekeepers.
A survey of honeybees found a lot are looking for food, but they can be vulnerable to diseases.
They need more than honey to survive.
More bees are dying in the United States, but there is little to be done about it, according to beekeeper Chris Jones.
He is the chief executive of the Northern California Beekeepers Association.
Jones says bees need protection.
“The problem is we are not really doing anything about it,” he said.
Jones says beekeepers are concerned about the declining bee population in their area, because of climate change and other factors.
He says the only thing that can really save the honey bees is a reduction in the use of pesticides and neonicotinoids.
Neonicotinoid pesticides are used on crops, and they have a range of effects on bees.
Some are neurotoxic to honeybees, and are found in bee products like pollen and nectar.
Another neonic-related pest, called neonicos, can cause bee deaths.
Scientists believe the use and spread of these chemicals may be the main cause of bee declines in the U.S. and Canada.
Last year, scientists in England and France published an extensive review of all the data available.
It concluded the number one cause of honeybee colony declines was pesticides, and neos were the second-most important factor behind honeybees.
Some scientists say the problem is not going away, but is getting worse.
Bees are dying and there are fewer honeybees around, according in the report.
We have to make sure we protect them and that we use the best technology, said University of Oxford professor and researcher Dr. Richard Burt.
Dr. Burt says bees are a key part of our ecosystem, but are being targeted by a wide range of factors.
“Beekeeping is the largest source of food for pollinators and is an important part of many agricultural activities,” he told ABC News.
There are a number things that can be done to try to keep bees in the honey, Dr. Bunt says, like changing the way that we raise our crops.